Basics of Infertility

1. What is Infertility?

Infertility is “a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.

Most couples (approximately 85%) will achieve pregnancy within one year of trying, with the greatest likelihood of conception occurring during the earlier months. Only an additional 7% of couples will conceive in the second year.

Infertility may be caused by many factors including problems with egg or sperm production, genetic factors, age, or too much exposure to certain chemicals and toxins.

2. Timing of intercourse to get pregnant?

You’re most likely to get pregnant if you have sex in the days around ovulation (when an egg is realised from ovary) , with the day before and after being the most fertile.

An egg lives about 12-24 hours after being released .The egg must be fertilised by a spern during this time for you to get pregnant.

Sperm can live for around 3 days inside a woman body, so if you’ve had sex in the few days before ovulation , the sperm can ‘wait’ for the egg to be released.

This is called your ‘fertile window’

3. What is Ovulation ?

Ans:- Ovulation is the name of the process that happens usually once in every menstrual cycle when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an egg.

         Your menstrual cycle begins on the first day of your period and continues up to the first day of your next period. You’re most fertile at the time of ovulation (when an egg is released from your ovaries), which usually occurs 12 to 14 days before your next period starts.